This cheesy vegan breakfast casserole features the most delicious tofu "egg," hearty sourdough, veggies, and vegan sausage. It's a great way to feed a crowd and perfect for weekend brunch and holiday breakfasts. Also, leftovers taste amazing!
Back when I worked a regular office job, which was years before I went vegan or dreamed of becoming a food blogger, I enjoyed trying new recipes and taking the food to work to share with my co-workers.
One of the crowd favorites was a cheesy, sausage and egg breakfast casserole. I would assemble it the night before, then pop it into the oven in the morning before getting dressed for work.
While a lot of breakfast casseroles call for hash browns, I always used hearty bread instead. I loved the way it soaked up the egg mixture and added a different texture to the casserole.
And look at me now... only 16 years later I finally got around to veganizing that old recipe!
Why You'll Love It
Indian black salt adds the perfect amount of savory, egg-y flavor, and the tofu mixture is creamy while still holding together. The sourdough soaks up tons of flavor, and the veggies, sausage, and cheese take the whole thing over the top!
My husband raved about the results, which is always a good sign. He wasn't a fan of eggs before going vegan, and even now he thinks he doesn't like vegan dishes that resemble eggs.
So the fact that he loves it hopefully tells you how amazing this savory tofu "egg" is. And combined with sausage and melty cheese? Ugh, so good.
This recipe is very versatile. I've included notes and ideas below on ways you can customize it to meet different dietary needs. You can also get creative and switch up the flavors and ingredients.
Vegan breakfast casserole is perfect for the holiday season when you have family over and need a satisfying dish to keep everyone full and happy until the main meal. I hope you enjoy it as much as we do!
For the tofu egg:
- tofu - you'll need two (14 oz) blocks of extra-firm tofu. Regular firm is also fine - you might need slightly less water.
- creamer or unsweetened plant milk - I used Nut Pods unsweetened non-dairy creamer, but any thick and creamy plant milk also works, such as soy. Just make sure it's 100% plain and unflavored.
- black salt (kala namak) - adds saltiness as well as the signature sulfur smell we tend to associate with eggs. For the most authentic egg-y flavor don't skip it!
- seasonings - onion powder and garlic powder add flavor and turmeric adds subtle yellow color reminiscent of egg yolks.
- nutritional yeast - this is important for the overall umami and savoriness of the "egg" mixture.
- bread - choose a sturdy bread like sourdough. Bagels are also fun! Just be sure to check the ingredients to make sure it's vegan.
- vegan meat - from vegan breakfast sausage links or patties, to chorizo, tempeh bacon, or any other plant-based sausage you love... all work well here.
- veggies - I chose red bell pepper, green onion, and baby spinach. See the Variations section below for more ideas.
- cheese - any mild-flavored shredded vegan cheese works well. I used Chao original because I had some on hand. You can also grate cheese yourself from a block. I often do this with Violife's mature cheddar.
For an oil-free cheese option see the Variations below.
There are a few steps involved in prepping this breakfast casserole, but none of them are difficult! Here's a look at the basic flow...
- Blend the ingredients for the tofu "egg." The mixture is very thick so you will likely need to stop several times to stir.
- Oil a 13 x 9 baking dish and arrange the bread across the bottom. Set aside.
- Saute the sausage over medium heat for about 2 minutes. Add bell pepper and green onion and cook for another 2 minutes.
- Arrange fresh spinach over the layer of bread, followed by the sausage mixture. If desired, sprinkle with a handful of shredded cheese.
- Spoon the tofu mixture into the dish. Carefully stir to incorporate the ingredients. If there's messy tofu "egg" on the sides of the dish, wipe it off with a paper towel so it won't burn on during baking.
- Bake uncovered in a 350 degree oven for 30 minutes. Sprinkle the remaining cheese on top, cover with foil, and bake for another 25 to 30 minutes or until the cheese is melted and the center of the casserole is hot.
Fresh from the oven, let the covered dish rest for 10 to 15 minutes. This traps moisture and helps melt the cheese. A brief rest also helps the casserole firm up a bit so it slices cleanly.
- gluten-free - choose a thick and sturdy gluten-free bread or replace the bread with 2 packages of frozen hash browns. Thaw briefly before adding to the dish.
- oil-free - replace the store-bought vegan sausage with a homemade seitan sausage, seasoned beans, or tempeh bacon. And instead of store-bought vegan shreds, add dollops of this easy cashew mozzarella on top!
- other veggies - we LOVE mushrooms in breakfast casserole; also try asparagus, broccoli florets, chopped kale (saute it briefly with the red pepper), onion, garlic, jalapeños, and par-cooked winter squash or sweet potatoes.
- meats - take things in a spicier direction with vegan chorizo or pepperoni. Or as mentioned above, go with tempeh bacon or a store-bought product like Sweet Earth's Benevolent Bacon.
If you like a touch of maple sweetness in your breakfast meat, you have to try my homemade vegan breakfast sausages. One of our all-time favorite seitan recipes!
What to Serve With Vegan Breakfast Casserole
Garnish with chopped parsley or extra green onion, and serve with fresh fruit and vegan yogurt.
Or if you're serving the casserole for lunch or dinner, a simple side salad plus potatoes in any form are perfect.
And if you want to end the meal with something sweet, this popular oat flour banana bread is always welcome.
You'll need a full-size blender for the tofu "egg" mixture. Note: even with a high-speed blender like a Vitamix you'll need to exercise patience. It's a large volume of ingredients and very thick. Stop as needed to give it a stir.
You'll also need a medium-size saute pan and a glass or stoneware 13 x 9-inch casserole dish.
Absolutely. Cover the dish and refrigerate it overnight. Then bake it in the morning. Since the entire dish will be cold add 5 minutes to the cook time.
Store leftover breakfast casserole in the refrigerator for up to 5 days. It reheats best in the microwave. The leftovers can also be frozen for up to one month.
I hope you enjoy this versatile vegan breakfast casserole as much as we do! If you try the recipe be sure to comment below and let us know.
You might also like:
Vegan Breakfast Casserole
For the "egg" mixture:
- 2 (14 oz) packages extra firm tofu, drained
- 1 cup water
- ½ cup unsweetened/unflavored vegan creamer or milk - such as Nut Pods original or plain soy milk
- ⅓ cup nutritional yeast
- 2 teaspoons kala namak Indian black salt
- 1 teaspoon onion powder
- 1 teaspoon garlic powder
- ¼ teaspoon ground turmeric
- ¼ teaspoon freshly ground black pepper
- 3 tablespoons flour - such as all-purpose, a GF blend, rice, or whole wheat
- 9 to 10 ounces sourdough bread, cut or torn into large bite-size pieces - about half of a boule
- 4 servings vegan sausage, chopped and/or crumbled - choose any flavor you'd like in the casserole (Italian, spicy, breakfast sausage, etc)
- 1 large red bell pepper, chopped
- ½ cup chopped green onion
- 3 ounces fresh baby spinach
- 7 ounces mild, shredded vegan cheese such as mozzarella or cheddar - I used Chao Original; Tip: if the shreds are long roughly chop to help with melting
- Preheat the oven to 350 degrees F and lightly oil a 13 x 9-inch baking dish.
- In a blender combine all tofu "egg" ingredients EXCEPT flour. Slowly increase speed, and blend until smooth. The mixture will be very thick; stop to stir as often as needed. Taste for seasoning. Add the flour and blend again for a few seconds to incorporate. Set aside.
- Preheat a saute pan over medium heat, and cook the sausage for about 2 minutes or until starting to brown, stirring occasionally. Add the bell pepper and green onion and cook for another 1 to 2 minutes.
- Refer to step-by-step photos above if needed. Arrange bread in a single layer in the casserole dish, followed by spinach and sausage mixture. If desired, sprinkle with a handful of cheese.
- Pour the tofu mixture on top, using a spoon or spatula to scoop as much as possible from the blender. Carefully stir to incorporate the ingredients and coat everything with tofu. If there's any messy tofu "egg" on the sides of the dish, wipe it off so it won't burn during baking.
- Bake uncovered for 30 minutes. Sprinkle the remaining cheese on top, cover tightly with foil (careful - it's hot!), and bake for another 25 to 30 minutes or until the cheese is melted and the center of the casserole is hot.
- Let the covered dish rest for 10 minutes. This gives the cheese more time to melt and helps the casserole set before slicing. Serve hot.
Estimated Nutrition (per serving)
Nutrition information is an estimate and will vary depending on the exact amounts and specific products and ingredients used. We calculate this information using the online calculator cronometer.com.